Governments across the world are adopting open data policies and practices. From national portals, to municipal open data initiatives, and sector-specific efforts in transport, health and international aid to name just a few, open data has been adopted as an important governance innovation.
Research project: Open Data Barometer
The Open Data Barometer takes a multidimensional look at the spread of Open Government Data (OGD) policy and practice across the world. Combining peer-reviewed expert survey data and secondary data sources, the Barometer explores countries readiness to secure benefits from open data, the publication of key datasets, and evidence of emerging impacts from OGD.
The Open Data Barometer was conceived of as a companion study to the 2013 Web Index. The Web Index is a multidimensional measure of the Web’s use, utility and impact. The Barometer focuses in on the context, availability and emerging impacts of Open Government Data (OGD).
The Barometer is designed to provide a clear and comparable analysis of the macro-level context for open data, the availability of open data, and emerging impacts of open data, across the world. It will support advocates, researchers and policy makers to better understand the development of open data globally, and will contribute to a growing evidence base on open government data.
The Barometer is supported by the common assessment methods component of the Web Foundation’s ‘Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries’ (ODDC) project, and by the Open Data Institute, as well as by the Web Index team at the World Wide Web Foundation. The 2013 Open Data Barometer is focussed on piloting methods for assessing open data supply, building towards further iterations of the methodology and survey in 2014 and beyond.
The Open Data Barometer is structured in three sections to reflect the different stages involved in realising the benefits of open data, and the different groups who may be involved in, and may benefit from, open data. The three sections are readiness, implementation and impact.
- Readiness - identifies how far a country has in place the political, social and economic foundations for realising the potential benefits of open data. The Barometer covers the readiness of government, entrepreneurs and business, and citizen and civil society.
- Implementation – identifies the extent to which government has published a range of key datasets to support innovation, accountability and more improved social policy. The barometer covers 14 datasets split across three clusters to capture datasets commonly used for: securing government accountability; improving social policy; and enabling innovation and economic activity.
- Emerging impacts – identifies the extent to which open data has been seen to lead to positive political, social and environment, and economic change. The Barometer looks for political impacts – including transparency & accountability, and improved government efficiency and effectiveness; economic impacts – through supporting start-up entrepreneurs and existing businesses; and social impacts – including environmental impacts, and contributing to greater inclusion for marginalised groups in society.
The 2013 Global Report draws together variables from each of these sections to provide country rankings, and a cross-cutting global picture of open data around the world.
The 2013 Barometer covers the following countries:
Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Republic of, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, United Republic of, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, UAE, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Contact the ODDC project research coordinator with questions: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dave Tarrant at The Open Data Institute has drawn on the open data published from the Barometer to put together an interactive tool for looking at Barometer data across all the countries included in the study.
Berners-Lee tells world leaders: deliver transparency by backing open data policies with action
We aim for the Open Data Barometer to become an regular study, checking against the baseline captured in the 2013 study. If you would like to hear about opportunities to take part in Barometer research in 2014, then you can register your details now.
The Open Data Barometer is a piece of open research. All the data gathered to create the Barometer is published under an open license, and we have sought to set out our methodology clearly, allowing others to build upon, remix and reinterpret the data we have collected. Find out more and download the available datasets...