TERI’s project on OGD in energy resources approaches open government data in India through the following conceptual framework. All the data that is relevant for governance may or may not exist. Therefore, focusing on just ‘opening’ up of government data may not be a comprehensive approach to the larger issue of access and availability of information. The attached figure clarifies how the government data can be classified in the Indian context.
Data and Energy Resources
In terms of resource development, the relevant data, whether open or not, can be broadly classified into the following categories:
• Resources and reserves; quality and type of resources extracted
• Price, revenue collection, revenue distribution/transfers (government and non-government), financial benefits received by companies from the government (e.g. various tax benefits/incentives) and their compatibility with related existing regulation, etc
• Loss of forest cover, land degradation, water pollution, periodicity of reporting/monitoring, air pollution, sound pollution, audit reports of disaster management etc.
• People displaced/affected, accidents or deaths at work, health impacts, employment opportunities created in projects, social infrastructure and beneficiaries.
Most of the data mentioned above does not exist or is not freely available. Even when it is available, accessing it is fraught with challenges. The problems with the kind and quality of data as well as the issues in accessing and utilizing data were discussed at length in the Consultative Workshop on Energy Resources. (http://www.opendataresearch.org/content/2013/515/workshop-energy-resources-towards-increased-availability-and-improved-access)